How are generalization and discrimination related to classical conditioning?

How are generalization and discrimination related to classical conditioning?

How are generalization and discrimination related to classical conditioning? When one responds to a stimulus similar to the conditioned stimulus, generalization has occurred. The ability to respond differently to different stimuli is discrimination.

How do you identify generalization?

When you spot a generalization, be sure to look for the evidence that the speaker or author uses to support the conclusion that was made. If there aren’t many examples given to support the statement, the generalization might not be true. Watch out for signal words such as ”every” or ”all.

How can generalization be useful?

Generalizations can be helpful They provide a starting point or foundation for understanding. If you walk into a new place among people you’ve never seen before with a “blank slate”, it will take you months to years of formulating new generalizations and revising them to figure out the people.

What is generalization principle?

The generalization principle re. The generalization principle requires that the reasons for your action be consistent with the assumption that everyone with the same reasons acts the same way. An act that satisfies the generalization principle is said to be generalizable or to pass the generalization test.

How do you avoid generalizations?

How to Avoid Hasty Generalizations in Your Writing

  1. Consider a larger sample size. If you’re going to generalize, make sure you’re drawing conclusions from a large sample of data.
  2. Offer counterexamples. Showing multiple sides of an argument increases the thoroughness of your writing.
  3. Use precise language.

What is an example of sweeping generalization?

For example, one fallacy is called “sweeping generalization.” Someone may argue: “That is the richest sorority on campus; so Sue, who belongs to that sorority must be one of the richest women on campus.” Well, Sue may be one of the richest; or she may be one of the poorest.

How do you know if something has hasty generalization?

It’s important to recognize a hasty generalization when you hear one. Absolute words such as “always” or “everyone” are often found in hasty generalizations. Substitute these words with “sometimes” or “some people.” Also, consider checking more than one source when deciding if an argument is convincing.

What is needed to avoid sweeping generalizations?

To avoid hasty generalizations, make sure you provide sufficient and appropriate evidence to support your conclusions. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc (Latin for “after this, therefore because of this”) asserts that one event caused another because it preceded it.

What is the meaning of sweeping generalization?

Sweeping can also mean “overly broad,” so if you make a sweeping generalization, you take a general idea or rule and apply it too widely, without allowing any exceptions to it.

Why is circular reasoning bad?

Circular reasoning is not a formal logical fallacy but a pragmatic defect in an argument whereby the premises are just as much in need of proof or evidence as the conclusion, and as a consequence the argument fails to persuade.

What is another name for hasty generalization?

It’s also called an insufficient sample, a converse accident, a faulty generalization, a biased generalization, jumping to a conclusion, secundum quid, and a neglect of qualifications.

Which is an example of post hoc?

Post hoc is a fallacy where one reasons that since an event occurred before another, then the first event caused the other. Examples of Post Hoc: 1. Our soccer team was losing until I bought new shoes.

Why generalizations are wrong?

A generalization can be unacceptable on at least four different grounds. A false generalization is unacceptable because membership in the reference class does not increase the probability of the hypothesis. A non-robust generalization is unacceptable because it uses a reference class that is too heterogeneous.

Do some generalizations have exceptions?

Generalizations are guidelines which help us get through the most general of cases. But there are always exceptions. That’s because generalizations without any exceptions have a name, they are called Rules.

Are hasty generalizations always false?

Are hasty generalizations always false? a. Yes, that is why they are fallacies.

Which of the following best describes the red herring fallacy?

Bringing up information that is completely irrelevant to the point at hand best describes the red herring fallacy. This answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful. Answers.

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