How did the Counter-Reformation affect Europe?
The Counter-Reformation served to solidify doctrine that many Protestants were opposed to, such as the authority of the pope and the veneration of saints, and eliminated many of the abuses and problems that had initially inspired the Reformation, such as the sale of indulgences for the remission of sin.
How did the Reformation affect European life and thought?
The Reformation seemed like to reduce opportunities for peasants to defy their position in the class structure. Middle-class members were better able to challenge the church authority; they took Luther’s free-thinking ideas and seized the opportunity to have more power over their religious practices.
What were some important effects of the Reformation?
This close connection of church and state during the Reformation contributed to the emergence of the wars of religion, a period of a century and a half during which Europe was rocked by a cycle of ever more violent and intractable wars — often essentially civil wars — between Protestants and Catholics.
How effective were the reforms of the Counter-Reformation?
The power of the popes was unquestioned after Trent – this was good if they were pro-reform. The Counter-Reformation proved to the outside world that the Catholic Church had recognised its past failings and was willing to reform itself rather than blind itself to its faults.
What were the effects of the Reformation social?
The Reformation itself was affected by the invention of the Printing Press and the expansion of commerce which characterized the Renaissance. Both Reformations, both Protestant and Catholic affected print culture, education, popular rituals and culture, and the role of women in society.
What was the impact of the Reformation on relief for the poor?
The Reformation movement had greatly criticised the Catholic Church for hoarding riches and extorting the poor. The Protestant Church on the other hand was determined to aid those in poverty. However, poor relief was not always forthcoming.
How did the Reformation help cause capitalism?
The true impact of the Reformation on economic evolution lies elsewhere: it broke the Church’s monopoly in the religious marketplace and promoted religious competition. The consequences were profound. Monopolies lead to corruption; the Church was no different.
What were the long term political effects of the Protestant Reformation?
The most global, short term effect of the reformation was the reevaluation of beliefs, and, as a result, the loss of authority of the Holy Roman Empire. The long term effects were: the emergence of new heretical movements, the declining of papacy, thus the reevaluation of people’s view on the church and life values.
What were two Catholic responses to the Reformation?
During the Protestant Reformation, many concerned Catholics worked to revive the spiritual nature of the Church, reform the abuses of the clergy, and counter the growth of Protestantism.