How does gluten affect bowel movements?
Diarrhea, constipation, and smelly feces Individuals with celiac disease experience inflammation in the small intestine after eating gluten. This damages the gut lining and leads to poor nutrient absorption, resulting in significant digestive discomfort and frequent diarrhea or constipation ( 3 ).
Does the digestive system break down gluten?
Digestion of Proteins The majority of these peptides can be further broken down, absorbed through the intestine and then transported and used in the body. However, gluten cannot be broken down by the digestive enzymes.
Is a gluten free diet better for your digestive system?
Most people try a gluten-free diet to treat digestive problems. These include bloating, diarrhea or constipation, gas, fatigue and many other symptoms. Studies have shown that following a gluten-free diet can help ease digestive symptoms for people with celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity ( 13 , 14 ).
What happens if you continue to eat gluten with celiac disease?
If someone with celiac disease consumes a food or drink with gluten, their immune system will react negatively and begin to damage the small intestine. Eventually this leads to malabsorption of nutrients, but in the short term, that person may experience an upset stomach, belching, diarrhea, or other symptoms.
How long does it take for your intestines to heal with celiac disease?
After you stop eating foods with gluten, your symptoms will likely get better in a few days. Your small intestine should heal completely in 3 to 6 months. Your villi will be back and working again. If you are older, it may take up to 2 years for your body to heal.
What happens if you don’t eat gluten-free with celiac disease?
A gluten-free diet is the only treatment if you’ve been diagnosed with celiac disease. You’ll have to avoid gluten for the rest of your life. Even the slightest amount will trigger an immune system reaction that can damage your small intestine.