What is a polyphonic composition based on one main theme called?
What is a polyphonic composition based on one theme or subject?
FUGUE. Polyphonic composition based on one main theme called subject. CANTATA. Composition in several movements, usually written for chorus, one or more vocal soloists, and instrumental ensemble.
What is a large-scale composition for chorus vocal soloists and orchestra?
|Term Oratorio||Definition large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative text, but without acting, scenery, or costumes; often based on biblical stories|
|Term Libretto:||Definition text of an opera|
What is the genre of music that is written for an orchestra choir featured soloists and is about a biblical topic?
Oratorio, a large-scale musical composition on a sacred or semisacred subject, for solo voices, chorus, and orchestra. An oratorio’s text is usually based on scripture, and the narration necessary to move from scene to scene is supplied by recitatives sung by various voices to prepare the way for airs and choruses.
What historical period is Chorale?
The chorale originated when Martin Luther translated sacred songs into the vernacular language (German), contrary to the established practice of church music near the end of the first quarter of the 16th century. The first hymnals according to Luther’s new method were published in 1524.
What is a catada?
The term ‘cantata’, invented in Italy in the 17th century, refers to a piece of music written for voice or voices and instruments. It applies broadly to works for solo voice, multiple soloists, vocal ensemble, and with instrumental accompaniment of keyboard or instrumental ensemble.
Is cantata staged?
The Cantata. Like the oratorio, it was sung but not staged, but it used any sort of theme and any number of voices, from one to many; for example, a secular cantata for two voices might use a man and a woman and have a romantic theme.
What does a cantata consist of?
The Cantata 101 The term comes from the Italian “cantare” and has to do with singing. A cantata is a vocal work lasting about 20 minutes that comprises several smaller pieces with solo voice, chorus and instrumental accompaniment — or sometimes all of these at once.
What is difference between cantata and oratorio?
Cantatas are usually much shorter in length. 2. Oratorios are usually more dramatic. Cantatas were usually performed in religious settings (such as part of a service or special church events), compared to Oratorios were performed in concert setting.
What is a cantata service?
A church cantata or sacred cantata is a cantata intended to be performed during a liturgical service. The liturgical calendar of the German Reformation era had, without counting Reformation Day and days between Palm Sunday and Easter, 72 occasions for which a cantata could be presented.
Are cantatas religious?
A cantata is a work for voice or voices and instruments of the baroque era. From its beginnings in 17th-century Italy, both secular and religious cantatas were written. The approximately 200 cantatas written by Johann Sebastian Bach are the most celebrated.
What era is cantata?
Who wrote the most cantatas?
Johann Sebastian Bach
How long did Bach stay in jail?
Who is the father of Cantata?
Are cantatas just for soloists?
Many cantatas composed in Weimar are set like chamber music, mostly for soloists, with a four-part setting only in the closing chorale, which may have been sung by the soloists.
Is a cantata sacred or secular?
Cantatas for use in the liturgy of church services are called church cantata or sacred cantata; other cantatas can be indicated as secular cantata. Several cantatas were, and still are, written for special occasions, such as Christmas cantatas.
Why did Bach write so many sacred cantatas?
In addition to the church cantatas composed for occasions of the liturgical year, Bach wrote sacred cantatas for functions like weddings or Ratswahl (the inauguration of a new town council). His chorale cantata cycle contains at least 40 chorale cantatas, each of these entirely based on text and tune of such hymn.
Did Bach ever meet Handel?
So Handel and Bach lived separate lives, and they never did meet. But they came close. In 1719 Bach’s work took him to Halle, where Handel was home on a visit. Handel created some of the most festive baroque music and Bach some of the most introspective.
Why is it called The Well Tempered Clavier?
The compound adjective well-tempered in the title refers to the employment of a tuning system that would work equally well in all keys—a circumstance rare in Bach’s day.
How many passions Bach composed?
Who plays Bach the best?
Probably most pianists would agree that the best Bach players on recording would be Glenn Gould, Roselyn Tureck, and Edwin Fischer.
What made Bach great?
And his “Passions” and “Mass in B Minor” stand apart from choral music in general. An extremely important reason that Bach is so good is his intense study of music itself. He referenced so many composers, both older and contemporary. Bach is said to have walked several miles on foot to hear him play in Lubeck.
Is St Matthew Passion An oratorio?
The St Matthew Passion (German: Matthäus-Passion), BWV 244, is a Passion, a sacred oratorio written by Johann Sebastian Bach in 1727 for solo voices, double choir and double orchestra, with libretto by Picander. It is widely regarded as one of the greatest masterpieces of classical sacred music.
How long does the St John Passion Last?
What is the chorale from St Matthew’s Passion?
Nikolaus Decius Johann Heermann
Why was Matthew Passion written?
Johann Sebastian Bach wrote his St. Matthew Passion for a single purpose — to present the Passion story in music at Good Friday vesper services. Bach’s Passion continues to move audiences nearly three centuries after it was first heard in St.
What is passion music?
Passion music, musical setting of the suffering and Crucifixion of Christ, based either on biblical texts or poetic elaborations. Dating from the 4th century onward, they range from unaccompanied plainsong to compositions for soloists, chorus, and orchestra. In the medieval Passion the deacon sang the entire text.