Which group controlled the Indian Ocean trade?
During the classical era (4th century BCE–3rd century CE), major empires involved in the Indian Ocean trade included the Achaemenid Empire in Persia (550–330 BCE), the Mauryan Empire in India (324–185 BCE), the Han Dynasty in China (202 BCE–220 CE), and the Roman Empire (33 BCE–476 CE) in the Mediterranean.
Who established sea trade throughout the Indian Ocean?
The Portuguese under Vasco da Gama discovered a naval route to the Indian Ocean through the southern tip of Africa in 1497–98. Initially, the Portuguese were mainly active in Calicut, but the northern region of Gujarat was even more important for trade, and an essential intermediary in east–west trade.
What groups traded in Indian Ocean?
These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, Malindi, and others. The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron. These materials were then sold to places like India, Southeast Asia, and China. These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade.
What was the main commodity that the Europeans were looking for in the Indian Ocean?
But, as these goods–ceramics and textiles were two of the major ones and, of course, spices as a commodity–became very popular in Europe, the demand increased exponentially for these goods.
How did trade lead to cultural diffusion?
The first way is through trade. When various areas of the world trade goods, these goods are incorporated into different cultures where they may not have been before. The goods can be adopted or adapted for use in these new areas. Warfare can also lead to cultural diffusion.
What are the positive and negative effects of cultural diffusion?
Cultural diffusion can have both positive and negative effects but it’s mostly positive. Why it’s positive is because you can learn new things. For example, when the French explorers met new tribes in North America, they brought many new foods back to Europe but left smallpox and the natives…
What are examples of cultural diffusion?
The definition of cultural diffusion is the spread of the beliefs and social activities of one culture to different ethnicities, religions, nationalities, etc. An example of cultural diffusion is the tradition of the German Christmas pickle becoming popular in the United States.